纺织与服装纺织与服装工程学院学术报告:The Role of Tissue Scaffolds in Regenerating Multiple Tissue Junctions

报告题目:The Role of Tissue Scaffolds in Regenerating Multiple Tissue Junctions

人:Dr. Martin W。 King, Professor of Biotextiles, North Carolina State University




Twenty five years ago Langer and Vacanti at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) were the first to define the concept of "Tissue Engineering" as an interdisciplinary field of research that applies the principles of engineering and the life sciences towards the development of biological substitutes that restore, maintain or improve tissue function. The approach involves three key ingredients: 1) a viable cell line, 2) a resorbable scaffold and 3) appropriate growth factors that promote cell proliferation.  The presentation will describe how textile and fiber-based structures are successfully being used as tissue engineering scaffolds. In addition, by fabricating a textile structure containing a gradient, which has different properties at the two ends, it is now feasible to create a scaffold that can be used to repair multiple tissue junctions, such as at a muscle/tendon or a tendon/bone interface.


Martin W。 King

Biographical Sketch


Martin King joined the Wilson College of Textiles, North Carolina State University, as Professor of Biotextiles and Textile Technology in September 2000 following 30 years of experience working in industry, higher education, the healthcare and government sectors in Canada and Europe.  

After graduating in Polymer Technology from the University of Manchester, England, he worked for Hoechst-Celanese in Canada and the British Ministry of Technology developing new nylon and polyester yarns for apparel and industrial applications, as well as high strength carbon fibers for reinforcing plastics in aeronautical, automotive and sporting end-uses.  

He completed his PhD degree in biomedical engineering at l’Université de Technologie de Compiègne , France, and for over 30 years has been a faculty member at the University of Manitoba, Canada.  He has published over 170 research papers in peer-reviewed textile science, biomaterials and clinical journals and has edited a textbook called "Biotextiles as Medical Implants".  For over 25 years he was a Visiting Professor of Biomaterials in the Department of Surgery, Laval University medical school, Quebec City, Canada, and 15 years ago he was appointed Chaired Professor of Medical Textiles at Donghua University, Shanghai, China, where he continues his graduate teaching and research activities on medical devices in conjunction with surgeons, pathologists and medical device companies.

Martin King is a member of several ISO standards committee identifying the properties and test methods to be used in evaluating a range of different surgically implantable devices。  He is also a member of the Society for Biomaterials (USA), the Textile Institute (UK), and a Fellow of the Institute of Textile Science (Canada)。  

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